A toenail when grows into corner and side of toe inside the soft flesh leads to pain, redness, swelling and if not managed properly might lead to infectious, usually affecting big toe. It can be narrow toe box shoes, stylish ladies footwear, improper trimming of nails, rarely genetic.
Diabetics should give specific attention and should seek medical advice. An injured or big toe with bunion may have such growth if not managed properly. Appropriate medical care removes ingrown toe nail followed by capping by Toe Cap till proper growth of new nail without piercing soft tissue. Toe Spreader(s) sometimes recommended in case of diabetics if accompanied with calluses between toes.
Toenail is essential for its proper functioning and any injury like bruise to even separation of nail bed, even permanent deformity, extremely difficult to repair. It could be due to trauma or any unwanted pressure building up over the time. The self-care is cleaning, bleeding management, antiseptic treatment followed by medicated bandaging (tetanus administration is essential), if required. In case of severely injured toe nail, Toe cap could be used for its isolation preventing aggravation of injury based on advice of doctor.